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    2018建設監理創新發展交流會順利召開共探中國監理30年發展2018/09/25 11:43


             2018年,不僅是中國改革開放40周年,也是中國建設監理行業成立30周年。歷經30年的發展,在中國建筑業大發展的時代背景下,中國工程監理制度也取得了豐碩的成果。本次建設監理創新發展交流會意義非凡,聚集了全國各地近600位參會者。聚焦行業熱點,展望行業未來。


    中國監理30年  行業大探討

             中國建設監理協會副會長兼秘書長王學軍指出目前行業存在監理服務招投標低價惡性競爭、監理員能力認定空缺、建設工程組織模式和部分房屋建筑模式不斷變更、監理管理信息化應用水平參差不齊、監理工作標準化建設滯后、誠實守信時有缺失等問題。他還指出目前制約監理行業發展的主要矛盾依然有很多,第一大矛盾是最普遍的責權利不對等。第二大矛盾是監理服務質量與業主需求難匹配。

             針對監理行業出現的種種問題和矛盾,王學軍給出了相關解決方案,助力監理未來的發展。第一,樹立四個自信。即監理制度自信、監理工作自信、監理能力自信以及監理發展方向自信。第二,清楚五個轉變。即監理企業正在從宏觀管理向微觀管理轉變;監理正在從依靠政府和人際關系向依靠市場、能力和信譽轉變;從按費率取費向按人工成本轉變;有能力監理企業正在向項目管理或全過程工程咨詢服務轉變;部分監理企業監理服務也在轉型升級,轉型表現在部分監理企業從松散管理型向緊密聯系型轉變;二是監理服務方式科技含量不斷增加。第三,建立相關標準,包含監理工作、人員配備、監理工器具配備、監理人員能力和人員成本計費標準。第四,做到五個提高。即提高人員的業務、管理、溝通和決策的綜合能力;提高管理信息化能力,運用現代通訊和網絡技術為監理工作服務;提高科技監理能力,如近年來部分監理企業對無人機、深基坑檢測儀在項目上進行探索和成功應用;提高核心競爭能力,樹立監理企業品牌、文化和核心競爭力;提高誠信經營能力,是政府和社會對企業的共同要求。第五,落實五項責任。包括落實合同約定、責任主體、總監質量安全、質量安全報告以及監理人員責任。第六,明確發展方向。未來監理的監督責任會逐步弱化,管理責任會慢慢增強。


    中國建設監理協會副會長兼秘書長 王學軍

             中國建筑業協會副會長吳慧娟指出目前中國建筑業存在“大而不強”的問題,主要表現在監管體制不夠健全和市場信用配套機制進展相對緩慢;生產建造方式相對落后和工程建設組織方式割裂碎片化;工程質量安全事故和市場違法違規行為時有發生;企業自身核心競爭力多不明確且工人素質良莠不齊。

             在建筑業發展過程中,培育全過程工程咨詢主要基于以下幾個方面:首先是統一責權利,讓專業人干專業事的需要;其次是實現工程建設項目利益和價值的最優、最大化,落實工程建設主體責任,確保工程建設工期、質量安全和投資效益的需要;最后還是促進行業轉型升級,培育一批具有國際水平的全過程工程咨詢企業。

             吳慧娟強調,開展業務的前提是找準企業的定位,要做到審時度勢,注重綜合能力強、復合型人才的發展,同時要不斷提高專業咨詢服務能力和水平,以最優質和高水平的服務不斷為實現全過程工程咨詢探索之路添磚加瓦。


    中國建筑業協會副會長 吳慧娟  

             重慶大學房地產研究所所長任宏發表了題為以“回歸工程管理的本質”為題發表了相關演講,他指出,工程管理的本質是高效,監理行業需要回歸問題的本質,追求問題的實效。隨著社會的發展,建筑行業所屬的傳統型行業與智力型行業兩者間的生產效率呈現出剪刀差的變化趨勢,且差距不斷變大。落后的管理模式及落后的科學技術共同使得建筑業效率低下,且多項監管體系存在著責任分離、內容重復、效率低下的問題。故而,需要依靠科學技術及管理進步,從而提升綜合效率。

             任宏從多個疑問出發,如有沒有必要設置如此多監理環節、有沒有必要設置專業與業務相似的各種注冊師、監理能否勝任全過程的工程咨詢業務等問題,揭示了監理行業目前存在的幾個問題,主要問題有以下三點。一是落后的管理模式造成各參與方間的關系復雜、業務重復,泛而不精。二是監理在施工階段的任務是非飽滿的,工作是非智力驅動的,使得一人施工,多人“旁站“現象時有發生。三是科技水平的低下造成監理手段過于傳統,缺乏科技的應用。

             由此,任宏指出,要克服管理與技術上的障礙,以更加簡潔明了的管理方式,通過BIM、RFID、AI等科學技術手段,建立智慧監理體系,回歸監理的本質,以提升工程管理的效率。此外,任宏還強調,全過程監理是促進監理行業可持續發展不可或缺的助力,要善于借助人工智能,助力全過程工程管理。



    重慶大學房地產研究所所長 任宏


             同濟大學經濟與管理學院建設管理與房地產系教授、博士生導師何清華指出,當下工程咨詢行業發展面臨著四大沖突,一是行業監管政策的路線有變;二是需求結構改變,工程咨詢服務、工程交付服務越來越表現出一體化、集成化的需求,傳統供需結構被打破;三是工程咨詢原有業態不斷受到沖擊,工程咨詢創新業態不斷涌現;四是傳統工程咨詢組織模式和分工結構被改變甚至打破,傳統的資源體系越來越支撐不了未來業務發展要求。

             他補充道,現在工程咨詢企業發展存在著四大問題,一是傳統保護區逐步被打破,企業標桿呈現多樣性,競爭格局更新周期加快;二是工程咨詢產業邊界愈發模糊,進入“無疆界”的競合時代,工程咨詢商業生態系統發生劇烈變化,;三是工程咨詢組織模式越來越呈現個性化和多樣性,進而增加了咨詢服務的復雜性和難度,企業及從業人員重新洗牌;四是市場需求進一步分層,走向了一體化、集成化、垂直化、產業化、專業化、精細化特征,行業供給端如仍然沿襲傳統發展路線,提供程式化、任務式、項目式、階段性服務,會越來越不適應市場需求。

             何清華分享了自己的四點經營理念的堅持和堅守。一是持續堅持打造以全過程項目管理咨詢業務為核心的綜合集成工程咨詢系統;二是持續堅持差異化競爭藍海策略,避開同質化價格競爭紅海;三是持續堅持細分市場做專、做深、做透,不斷提升專業化增值咨詢服務能力;四是持續堅持工程咨詢服務模式創新探索,不斷提升行業影響力和競爭力。他強調,專業和增值是咨詢顧問獲得客戶尊重之關鍵所在,工程咨詢行業發展應走入價值競爭,而非價格競爭的道路。



                    同濟大學經濟與管理學院建設管理與房地產系教授、博士生導師 何清華              


             與此同時,在會議中,增設了“專家互動環節”,由重慶大學建設管理與房地產學院副院長、副教授竹隰生主持,邀請了來自蘭州交大工程咨詢有限責任公司董事長劉鳳奎、重慶賽迪工程咨詢有限公司副總經理陳洪兵、河南建達工程咨詢有限公司總經理蔣曉東、必維集團建筑工程及設施事業部大中華區總監莊賀銘四位專家共同參與,分享自己的職業人生。

             劉鳳奎認為,國家的發展離不開監理行業,監理行業是無可替代的。他強調,每個公司都要有自己的特色,做強、做精、做持久是監理公司可考慮的方向。陳洪兵表示自己當時懷進入監理行業的意愿十分強烈,一晃已經20年過去,監理行業也發生了許多變化,但不變的是自己將會留下來,繼續助攻監理行業的發展。蔣曉東強調一定要警惕這30年監理行業所出現的問題,提出是否可以立足于全過程咨詢,突破現有的“兩個怪圈”。莊賀銘梳理了自己的建筑從事工程,指出隨著城市建設進入存量時代,也可在運營服務階段提供工程咨詢服務。

             中國監理30周年,期待所有監理人共同發聲,攜手并肩,共同探討監理的未來!

    文章來源:建設監理



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